Sohail Mahmood writes on the history of relations between Pakistan and India and underlines the essential need for dialogue at all costs. Despite the existence of many contentious issues –from Kashmir, to Siachen, to the destabilizing United States–India partnership–. Mahmood believes that much progress has been made in creating peace in South Asia. But in order for negotiation to work, both sides must set aside their long history of enmity, and build trust. Only then can the incredible potential of Pakistan and India, wasted for so many years by senseless conflict, be realized.
A new inequality
Bernardo Kliksberg examines the unsettling global scenario presented in the Intergovernmental Panel of the United Nations’ Report on Climate Change and says that the problem affects the whole planet, but the degrees of vulnerability vary greatly according to country’s wealth. The paradox is that the rich countries are the principal producers of greenhouse gases, and the poorest are the ones who suffer the worst consequences.
Terrorist groups join forces in Northern Africa
Javier Jordán analyzes the implications of the terrorist attacks that rocked Algeria and Morocco over the last few days. Through its transformation into a member of the larger Al Qaeda network, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat has intensified its Jihadist activity in the Maghreb, and revitalized its organization. In Jordán‘s opinion, this new threat could greatly destabilize the governments of the Maghreb region, and pose a serious danger to Spain and the European countries of the Mediterranean.
By Ricardo Israel Z. (for Safe Democracy)
Ricardo Israel Z. analyzes the ex Bishop Fernando Lugo‘s candidacy for president of Paraguay and writes that while elections have been easily predictable for the large part of the country’s history, a new element of uncertainty has risen with Lugo. The ex Bishop is not an unknown, having a recognized history in the most excluded sectors.
By Walid Salem (for Safe Democracy)
Walid Salem writes about how two years ago, the Bush Administration was pressuring the Saudi Arabian government for democratic reforms. Now, the same administration has come to the Saudis for help after the failures of Iraq and Lebanon. The author analyzes the pact between Saudi Arabia and the US, and addresses the various convergences and divergences of the Saudi Arabian and American agendas on issues like the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Iraq, Iran, Lebanon and Syria. In Salem‘s opinion, the Saudi Arabian government has played its cards carefully to exploit the US weakness and further its agenda in the current international climate.
By Fabian Bosoer (for Safe Democracy)
Fabian Bosoer analyzes the Malvinas/Falklands War, drawing modern day lessons from the 1982 policy blunder. In Bosoer‘s opinion, the Malvinas War is a philosopher’s stone into Argentina‘s history, enabling the study and understanding of the insidious influence of authoritarian regimes, the abuse of secret diplomacy, and the difficulty of mutual trust between peripheral and core countries. Argentina may have lost its claim on the Malvinas Islands, but it won something even more important: a return to democracy.
Reconsidering relations between Moscow, Washington, and Brussels
Rafael Calduch Cervera explains the transformation of the Russian security agenda, culminating in Putin‘s speech at the 43rd International Security Policy Conference in which he promised to oppose the unilateral hegemony of the United States when necessary to preserve Russia‘s best interests. In Calduch Cervera‘s opinion, the current President of the United States transformed the history of past multilateral action by unilaterally invading Iraq, and Russia has followed suit, transforming its security agenda on all fronts. The Western powers must take Putin‘s statement very seriously in order to uphold good relations with Russia for the greater stability of Europe and the world.