The formation of a Confederation with international military presence
Finding a solution to the future of Kosovo that satisfies the Serbs and the Albanian-Kosovars is proving to be a difficult task; perhaps the alternative could at one stage be the creation of a Confederation between Serbia and Kosovo, which is still its province; it would not be an optimal situation for either of the parties, but it could be an intermediate route towards the final, peaceful solution to the conflict.
“The most desirable process would be to channel the topic through the UN Security Council with an agreed upon solution that
Let’s remember that 92 percent of the population of Kosovo is Albanian-Kosovar, predominantly Muslim, and, as opposed to other ex-Yugoslavian territories, is not very mixed with the Serbian minority. But let’s also keep in mind that many Serbians not only consider Kosovo a part of its territory, but also a central element of Serbia’s cultural, historical and national references.
As expected, the Serbian government, with
The recent elections for the Kosovar Parliament have given a clear advantage to the PDK, a party headed by Hashim Thaçi, ex leader of the UÇK and a clear defender of independence. However, its capacity for action is not quite independent of the final stance of the international players, basically the EU and above all, the
“One possible route, less drastic in character for both sides, would be to establish a Confederation between Kosovo and
The most desirable process would be to channel the topic through the UN Security Council with an agreed upon solution that
One possible route, less drastic in character for both sides, would be to establish a Confederation between Kosovo and Serbia by means of a common organ with joint representatives between both entities, and with representatives of the international community (from the EU o the UN). The responsibilities of this organ should be very reduced (for example, some international politics aspects, border defense, also of Kosovo’s new borders, with the participation of international forces) while in regards everything else each entity would be completely independent, including a possible process of admission to the EU.
Comparative politics show the tendency of confederations to stop existing in such form. These either tend to evolve in the direction of a federation (very unlikely in this case) or towards a definitive separation of the entities. Confederations are not usually terminal-states, but are instead halts in processes that evolve towards more stable solutions. But, in the case of a confederate solution I think that any common organ should be joint (composed of an equal number of Kosovar and Serbian representatives), aside from having a similar number of members from the international community.
It would allow Kosovo to consolidate itself as a player on the international stage and avoid a rupture that
This would not be an optimal situation for neither Kosovo’s nor