Towards a Democratic ResponseDefending our core democratic values means responding to terrorist attacks in ways that strengthen our democratic institutions and spread freedom where it does not yet exist. We aim to construct a strategy against terrorism based on the principles of democracy and international co-operation.
June 8, 2005
The Club de Madrid is happy to announce the publication of the Club de Madrid Series on Democracy and Terrorism.
In the months leading up to the Madrid Summit, more than two hundred of the world's leading scholars and expert practitioners explored the issues of democracy, terrorism and security in an unparalleled process of scholarly debate. There discussions were conducted through a system of password-protected web-logs, and concluded on the first day of the summit.
Each working group issued a final paper of recommendations on which the contributions of the Club de Madrid Series on Democracy and Terrorism are based.
The Club de Madrid Series on Democracy and Terrorism consists of three volumes:
- Volume I — The Causes of Terrorism> — includes contributions on the psychological roots of terrorism, political explanations, economic factors, religion, and culture. [PDF file, 728 KB]
- Volume II — Confronting Terrorism — deals with policing, intelligence, military responses, terrorist finance, and science and technology. [PDF file, 728 KB]
- Volume III — Towards a Democratic Response — addresses the role of international institutions, legal responses, democracy promotion, human rights and civil society. [PDF file, 748 KB]
March 10, 2005The first part of the Summit closed with a plenary in which the conclusions from each of the working groups were presented by their coordinators. They took on the responsibility of analyzing the terrorist phenomenon from all its possible aspects, with the aim of offering the widest possible explanation. Actually, there were also many common points of view making it possible to come close to a consensus on a concrete definition of terrorism. The Secretary General of the Club of Madrid, Kim Campbell emphasized the fact that this work had been done by 200 experts from all over the world.
Full information, complete audio, transcription and photos: Plenary: Preliminary Conclusions of the Working Groups
February 2, 2005
the response to September 11 and the rule of lawFollowing the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington, DC, the administration of US President George W. Bush opted for a two-pronged response. 1 The initial and more prominent reaction was intended to be retributive: to bring the perpetrators to justice. The subsequent response was intended to be a deterrent: to impose order and security coercively in order to prevent a repeat of these deadly incidents. It was believed that, in this dual strategy, lay the antidote to September 11.
by Rama Mani
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December 15, 2004
Defending our core democratic values means responding to terrorist attacks in ways that strengthen our democratic institutions and spread freedom where it does not yet exist. We aim to construct a strategy against terrorism based on the principles of democracy and international co-operation.